It is important that people with epilepsy follow a nutritious, well balanced diet. Good nutritional habits and a healthy lifestyle are important in obtaining optimal seizure control. However, no special diet is prescribed for epilepsy itself.
To avoid dietary deficiencies, ensure proper intake of nutrients through a diet containing adequate folic acid (commonly found in raw and slightly cooked fruits and vegetables), calcium and magnesium (dairy products are the richest source), Vitamin B12 (animal and diary sources), and vitamin K (leafy green vegetables and cereal grains). Vitamin D is found in fish oils and flesh, supplemented milk, and is made in the body in response to sunlight. Rules for a healthy diet are outlined in “Canada’s Food Guide”.
If you have some other condition in addition to epilepsy, that requires a special diet (diabetes, for example), it is important that you follow the diet needed for that disorder.
Can caffeine, alcohol or smoking cause problems?
What is the “Ketogenic Diet”?
Another version of the diet has recently been developed – the medical chain triglyceride (MCT) diet.